Hendrik Gerrits, oil butcher

My relationship with the name Gerritsen van der Hoop

From the following scheme, it appears that I am directly descended from Willem Gerritsen van der Hoop. As from this and a story that I will write later, it will turn out, he is the only tribe holder of the name Gerritsen van der Hoop. Although I have no direct proof of the assertion I dare to say with confidence that there is no other person who is a fellow progenitor of all the now living Gerritsen van der Hoop worldwide.

Willem himself was father to 24 children during his life, in two marriages. He is responsible for the name Gerritsen van der Hoop, Although his father Hendrik intended to change his name from Hendrik Gerrits to Hendrik van der Hoop in 1812.

This story is about Hendrik and the original name change on the urgent request of Napoleon Bonaparte.

A survey of 90 years ago

Many descendants, not of interest


In 1924, the genealogist Willem Wijnaendts of Resandt was instructed to chart and describe the family history of the very distinguished genus Van der Hoop. This family counts well-known lawyers and bankers from the 18th and 19th centuries among the Members. It became a beautiful book of images and Quarter-states that appeared in 1926, in private management, though. Thanks to Google Books It’s now for everyone to See. For completeness He also devotes a few paragraphs to families whose members are called Van der Hoop but who are not related to the family he is investigating.


He also says something about the Gerritsen van der Hoop family. Wijnaendts of Resandt is clear about the genus Gerritsen van der Hoop. They have nothing to do with the distinguished and chic family of Van der Hoop, family of lawyers and bankers! At the end of the book he calls the Gerriten van der Hoop and says about it….


This family, which is now — in the poor neighbourhoods of Rotterdam and The Hague — known as Gerritsen van DER HOOP,, descends from Zwolle and comes first after the introduction of the marital status with this surname. Before this they used the patronymieum Gerrits(en).




ABRAHAM Gerritsen van der Hoop married with LOUISE WILHELMINA BLOCK, from which both a numerous offspring in Rotterdam and The Hague belong to the lowest position there.


In short, I don’t want to waste any more words on this family, This short piece offers a number of connecting points to start the search for the name and my ancestors. For example, Wijnaendts van Resandt reports the parents of Hendrik Gerrits, Unfortunately without a citation. incidentally, My great grandmother was not named Louise Wilhelmina Block but Leonora Wilhelmina Block.


In the family names database of the CBG state that in 1947 57 people with the name Gerritsen van der Hoop lived in the netherlands, and in 2007 there were 58. The family seems to be a lot less fertile than in the 19th century!


A monochrome photo of a painting of the oil mill “de Hoop” in Hattem. The name of the painter is G.J. Scheurleer. According to a message from the Homoet, a local paper, from 1987 it is unknown where the painting is located now. So now there is only an image in black and white.
The mill was on the corner of the Dorpsstraat and the Eijerdijk, just outside Hattem.

What we know of Hendrik Gerrits

Around 1790, Hendrik Gerrits lives and works in Zwolle.pHis parents are difficult to figure out but probably they are Willem Gerrits and Willemina Hendriks, both from Zwolle. On March 4, 1770, they baptize their son Hendrikus in the Broerenkerk in Zwolle. In 1764, They had previously baptized a son Hendrik, but I suspect he died before 1770. It is important to know that the first son is almost always named after the father of the Father. So Hendrik is called to his grandfather and calls his first son to his father. The Patronymium Gerrits is very common in this parts.

they The declaration is made by Barend Hoeve, the field guard of Olst. Only his deceased wife is mentioned correctly. The rest is not correct.

  • The name ‘ Van der Hoop ‘ is not mentioned.
  • He is almost certainly not born in Dalfsen, but in Zwolle.
  • As his mother is called Derk Kiekebelt.
  • He was not 76 years but ‘ only ‘ 69 years.

The information about Hendrik comes from the annexes that have been issued to the various marriages of his children. Unfortunately, accuracy is not great. In particular, at his age and condition, A question mark is often placed. His death certificate even contains several wrong data. Probably his daughters Willemina and Janna have provided this data to the declarant of death.

The only thing they could be sure of was that the name of Henry’s wife was Maria van Unenrolled, their mother. Other information they did not have at hand and they most probably dug out of their memory, believing that they had once heard it of their father. Hendrik lived alone since the death of his wife, about a year before his death, in Olst, with Janna or Willemina.

My assumption is that after years of hard work in the oil mill of Hattem, Hendrik had become deaf, a normal occupational disease with oil butchers. They were working long days under the hellish noise of the blows of the fisters (hammers) that struck the oil out of the linseed or rapeseed.

The baptismal register of the Broerenkerk in Zwolle of March 1770.
The death report of Hendrik.

I think that after the death of his wife, Henry could not take care of himself and therefore moved to Olst, to be further cared for by one of his daughters who lived there.

We know from the wedding of Janna that her father Hendrik was present at her wedding with Simon van Steijn in Olst on 30 May 1839. About 6 weeks later Hendrik died in Olst and was buried there.

The Dieserpoort was one of the city gates of Zwolle and was situated on the east side of the City. Hendrik and Maria lived around 1800 nearby. The gate was broken down in 1826.

It starts in Zwolle

Hendrik has work as a oil butcher servant in one of the three oil mills in Zwolle at the end of the 18th century. Of these mills one still exists: oil mill The Passion flower.

Zwolle and Hattem

In Zwolle he met Maria van Unen, around the year 1797. The Netherlands has just had a turbulent time behind it. Since 1780 the Patriots and the Orange Partisans are in conflict. The latter usually belong to the low positions, workers and farmers. They are orangists, followers of townholder Willem the Fifth. On the other side, the patriots, people with a certain status, believe that the Netherlands should become a republic. They want more power to the citizens. They have enough that the nobility and the church, and especially the twonholder, are still the service in terms of policy and the distribution of power. The patriots belong to the well-known bourgeoisie. The resistance is clearly inspired by developments in France.

Townholder Willem V is angry at Hattem because Daendels and his patriotic followers go against his decisions. Thereupon he starts the siege of the town. The inhabitants flee, yet the whole city is plundered.

Oil mill The Passion Flower in Zwolle dates from 1776. It is quite possible that Hendrik has started there as an oil butcher pupil.

If in 1789 in France the revolution becomes a success, the power of the Patriots also becomes considerably larger in the netherlands, with the support of the French. finally, in 1795, the Batavian Republic is proclaimed by the Patriots who now seized power with the help of the French. Stadtholder Willem V flees to England. The Netherlands is renamed the Bataafsche republic, to French Example. It is now actually a vassal state of France.


Hendrik and Maria marry


Hendrik gerrits and Maria van Betlehemkerk marry in the in Zwolle on Monday 3 December 1798. They are going to live ‘ for ‘ the Dieserpoort.


On Saturday March 23rd 1799 their son Willem is Born. The next Monday the child is baptized as Willem Gerritsen in the same church as his parents Married. With the name Gerrits one did not take it so closely at that Time. In The baptismal register Gerritsen is Used. however, in everyday life he is called Willem Gerrits.


In the meantime, Hendrik is a skilled oil butcher. In one of the oil mills in Zwolle, possibly the Passion Flower or the Red Mill, where he, under the direction of the oil butcher boss, has to master the profession to the point, he gets more and more experience. He ever hopes to become a boss, but he knows that it will be very difficult. To do so, he must not only have the right knowledge and experience.


A new job for Hendrik

To his surprise he is one day approached by E. van Barneveld, a merchant from Hattem. He tells Henry that he and his companion J.D. Van der Santen are working on building a new oil mill, just outside Hattem. They have established a company the “company of the oil mill”, located at Hattem. It becomes a modern mill with a grinding and press installation according to the latest techniques. And whether Hendrik can not come for their work in the new oil Mill. He must decide fast because they approach even more upcoming oil-butchers.

Hendrik thinks about it, possibly because he doesn’t know if he’s ready for such an independent role in a mill.

The construction of the new oil mill in Hattem started in 1803. The construction soon takes about 2.5 Years. finally, in any case Klaas Kruijt and Hendrik Gerrits decide to move to the company. Klaas gets the lead as a miller.

They move to Hattem

In 1804, the Gerrits family moved to Hettem, so Hendrik and Maria with the little Willem, then 6 years and daughter Gerridiena, 3 years.

In Hattem, the other children of the Gerrits family are born. First Abraham, in 1806, then Willemina in 1808, Derk in 1809, Janna in 1811 and finally Hendrika in 1813.

Because Hendrik changed his surname to “Van der Hoop” in 1812, only Hendrik’s youngest daughter Hendrika is registered under the new rules of the marital status. She officially is called “Hendrika van der Hoop”. All other children were born as Gerrits but also get a new surname “Van der Hoop” in 1812, just like their father.

Klaas Kruijt, Hendrik’s college, is signs the birth act as a witness. Both he and Hendrik are called ‘ Olyslagersknechten ‘ (oil butchers servants).

This is the official document that Henry signed at the town Hall to change his surname. After ratification he was no longer called Hendrik Gerrits but Hendrik van der Hoop. and thus the names of his wife and children also changed.
The original first oil mill stone “the heap” in Hattem.
This is a new version of the facade stone of Hope. This is the façade of the jet apartment complex which is now on the old site of the Mill.
A drawn map of Hattem from 1948. At the letter H, completely left at the junction of the 2 roads there, the mill lay “de Hoop”.

A new name for Hendrik

Napoleon claims

The influence of the French increases fast. First, Napoleon Bonaparte introduces his brother Louis Napoleon as king of the Netherlands, in 1806. But he does not what the little Emperor wants, and in 1810 Napoleon makes the Netherlands a part of France. With great consequences for the administration, the judiciary and the citizens in the country. Because Napoleon wants to know exactly who is to pay taxes or who can serve in his armies. In 1811, the civil status is introduced, to French example. As far as not yet done, all the inhabitants of the Netherlands must quickly choose a permanent surname.

Named after the mill

Hendrik has been 42 years old and now has 6 Children. Everyone knows his name as Hendrik Gerrits the oil butcher servant. But his surname is a patronymic, derived from a distinguished name from an ancestor of him. He must choose a new name. On October 6, 1812 he stands in front of the mayor of Hattem and says that he accepts as new surname “van der Hoop”,  named after the oil mill in Hattem where he works. This means that all his family members are no longer called “Gerrits” but “Van der Hoop”.

The reality is more difficult than Hendrik expected. Because soon it turns out that getting used to a new surname, after 42 years, is not easy. Also for all friends, neighbours, acquaintances and married family it is not easy to get used to the new name. Many people still call him Hendrik Gerrits, often soon followed by “Van der Hoop”. Or he fills in the new name himself. Or it becomes “Gerrits and Van der Hoop”. Hendrik often corrects his name in the beginning but after a while he gives up and often he leaves it. It is not often that he has to officially write his name in documents.

At the marriage of son Abraham he must show that his name of Gerrits has changed in van der Hoop.

The name was changed. But ultimately not for everyone involved in the same way!

The children of Hendrik and Maria

Hendrik and Maria have 7 children, 4 daughters and 3 Sons. Only the youngest daughter Hendrika was born with the surname ‘ Van der Hoop ‘. For her the only thing there is later, at her wedding, no confusion about the Surname. If the official at Hattem, at the request of his colleague from Deventer, makes an excerpt of her birth certificate, he naturally finds ‘ van der Hoop ‘ as a Surname.

But for the other 6 children it is more complicated.

The daughters of Hendrik wrestle with their surname, with the exception of Hendrika of Course. Gerritdina marries three times, each time with Gerritsen as a surname. The fact that Gerritdina cannot read and write is undoubtedly a role. In addition, Gerritdina does not receive children as far as is known, with none of her three spouses.

But also Willemina and Janna do not bother to get their new surname formally on the marriage Documents. As Gerriten they marry, both in Olst. No one is with it.

This certificate was provided to Willem as proof that he did not need to serve in the Army. Willem has ‘ a little discomfort on the eyes ‘. What that means is not clear, but it must have been a visible departure from what could be considered normal. Was He squint? LOENSDE he? In any case, on Thursday 12 November he marries Lubertha van Noessel in Deventer.


The eldest son, Willem, marries first in 1818 when he is 19 years Old. He has trouble saying goodbye to his original surname ‘ Gerrits ‘. At an early age Willem is already the house, he lives and works in Voorthuizen as Postiljon and marries a 16-year-old girl in Deventer. On his certificate of the national militia stating that he does not need to be employed, he is listed as Willem van der Hoop. On the excerpt of the baptismal register from Zwolle he is mentioned as Willem Gerritsen. His parents are not present on his wedding day. The official writes his family name handy but from both Documents: ‘ Gerritsen van der Hoop ‘. Here lies the beginning of the Name.

Abraham and Derk

Abraham marries in 1835 with Berendina Greven piece, also in Deventer. But Abraham shows a copy of the change of name submitted by his father from 1812, which shows that he is called ‘ van der Hoop ‘. And so he goes further through life, as Abraham van der Hoop. As far as is known, Berendina and he has no children, so the name does not get a sequel.

Derk also marries only in 1840, with Bernedina Heijden. He is going to live in the wall, under the smoke of Eindhoven. He also shows that he is called ‘ Van der Hoop ‘ and also consistently calls HIMSELF. Derk receives at least 7 children including a number of sons. They were also known to have married and Children. Although I have not explored this branch further, it is very likely that the descendants of this son of Hendrik Gerrits in the Netherlands are still living.

The origin of the name ‘ Gerritsen van der Hoop ‘ is entirely on behalf of one man, Willem, the eldest son of Hendrik gerrits the oil butcher. He is therefore a special man with a remarkable life course. I describe his story in another chapter.

In Hattem

Flying out

The children of Hendrik and Maria leave the family home one by one and depart from Hattem. Willem first, very soon, then Gerritdina. Then also Abraham, Derk, Janna, Hendrika and Willemina. They will live in Deventer, Zutphen, Olst and even the Wall.

Hendrik and Maria stay behind

In 1826, the ‘ companyship of the oil mill ‘ goes bankrupt and the oil mill goes into Sales. It takes a while before the mill enters new HANDS. After more than a year, the widow Klaas Blom, a well-known runs of the local Inn in Hattem, is the new owner. It is unclear whether Henry still has a job at that time or that he has had to watch out for the mill to stop after the Bankruptcy. Nor do we know if he could get back to work when the sale was around.

This advertisement in the Opregte Haarlemsche Courant from 1828 gives a good description of the oil mill where Hendrik has worked for many Years. The sale of the mill was not so bad so it was decided to also advertise in the west of the Country. To No Avail.

Over The history of the oil mill is relatively little well-known. As far as there is one, rather vague, picture of it. The painter CE tear leather has a series of paintings made of spots in Hattem. One of them is the oil mill Depicted. Now only a black and white photograph is known of that painting. The painting will undoubtedly be privately owned but it is not known where, unfortunately. The mill burned on 28 December 1898 to the ground and was no longer rebuilt.

It is likely that Henry’s health, partly because of his work, left to be desired. Deafness was almost always the fate of an oil butcher. furthermore, working in the mill was also a big attack on your lungs. In His last years he probably received much support from his wife Maria.

This advertisement in the Opregte Haarlemsche Courant from 1828 gives a good description of the oil mill where Hendrik has worked for many Years. The sale of the mill was not so bad so it was decided to also advertise in the west of the Country. To No Avail.


In 1838, Maria dies and she is buried in Hattem. Hendrik then moves to Olst. there, two daughters of him, Willemina and Janna, live There. They can take care of Him. In May 1839, hendrika, in Amerongen, marries a tobacco planter. Hendrik gives permission in Writing. And soon after, Janna marries in Olst. At her wedding he is still present as a witness.

On July 7, 1839, Hendrik dies and he is buried in Olst.


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